Characterization of Particulate Matter and Gaseous Material Emission at 3D Printer Operation
Three-dimensional (3D) printers are used for various purposes, including education, production of vehicle and aircraft parts, and in medical science. The most popular 3D printers use the fused deposition modeling (FDM) printing method. FDM printing uses a plastic filament cartridge that contains acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) or polylactic acid (PLA). The objective of this study was to evaluate the emission characteristics of the particulate matter and gaseous material released during 3D printing.