Development of an effective sample transfer device for biomarker detection in nasal secretions
Young Ju Lee (a), Jae-Chul Lee (b), Young Gyu Eun (c), Gi-Ja Lee (a)
Nasal secretions (NS) reflect inflammatory activity of the nasal mucosa and thus can be utilized for disease diagnosis and determining treatment effects in Allergic rhinitis (AR). However, non-standardized collection of samples can affect the measured concentration of inflammatory biomarker in NS. In this study, we aimed to develop and evaluate new devices capable of standardizing the collection, storage, and preprocessing methods of NS samples. First, we chose the best swab as polyester (PE) and selected a stimulation method, twirling for 10 s at 1 Hz, to efficiently release AR biomarkers from a PE swab. Storage of sample solutions at −20 °C was optimal for the stability of biomarkers for the detection of AR. The new swab sample transfer device showed excellent concentration recovery efficiency (90–100%) for tryptase (Trp) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) without crosstalk between the two biomarkers. Finally, we compared the concentration of Trp in human NS samples of AR patients (n = 6) pre-processed by the new device with that by centrifuge as a standard method. As a result, the concentrations of Trp in NS were very similar in both groups. Therefore, this device can be utilized as an effective sample transfer and pre-processing device for point-of-care testing of AR.