May 15, 2020 by admin 0 Comments

Exfoliated graphene/thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposites with improved wear properties for 3D printing

Authors
Hyerin Jeon a,b,1, Youn Kim b,1, Woong-Ryeol Yu a, Jea UkLee b
Abstract
Although three-dimensional (3D) thermoplastic elastomer printing has been studied, the unsatisfactory mechanical properties of 3D-printed elastomers, especially their substandard wear characteristics, make it difficult to use them in industrial products or processes. In this study, thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposites with improved wear properties were fabricated using thermoplastic polyether elastomer (TPEE), with surface-modified carbon black (CB), or electrochemically exfoliated graphene through multiple extrusion processes. The surface-modified CB/TPEE composite showed about four times more wear resistance and 26% improvement in tensile strength as compared to bare TPEE resin. The graphene/TPEE composite with only 1 wt% graphene exhibited an elevenfold increase in wear resistance and 43% improvement in the tensile strength owing to the high dispersibility and lubricating effect of the two-dimensional graphene filler. Graphene/TPEE composites were extruded into filaments for 3D printing. Three-dimensional printed products made from the nanocomposites have much higher wear resistance than 3D products of bare TPEE resin, demonstrating that graphene and TPEE nanocomposites are well suited for manufacturing a wide variety of complex electronic and mechanical components with excellent wear characteristics.

May 22, 2017 by admin 0 Comments

Ferrite-based soft and hard magnetic structures by extrusion free-forming

Authors
Erwin Peng (a), Xiangxia Wei (a), Tun Seng Herng (a), Ulf Garbe (b), Dehong Yu (b), Jun Ding (*, a)
Abstract
Functional ceramic materials, especially those with unique magnetic properties, with complex geometries have become increasingly important for various key technologies in industry. Herein, ferrite-based soft (NiFe2O4) and hard (BaFe12O19) bulk magnetic structures with three-dimensional morphologies are successfully fabricated from inexpensive metal oxide powder (NiO/Fe2O3 and BaCO3/Fe2O3) precursors through a simple extrusion free-forming (EFF) technique coupled with a high temperature solid-state reaction process. Dense polycrystalline microstructures with negligible porosity are observed for samples sintered above 1200 °C and highly crystalline NiFe2O4 and BaFe12O19 phases are successfully formed. The printed structures also exhibit either soft or hard magnetic material behavior with (i) saturation magnetization values up to approximately 86% and 95% of the NiFe2O4 and BaFe12O19 theoretical bulk magnetization values, respectively, and (ii) high densities up to ∼93% of their respective theoretical bulk density. Bulk magnetic structures with unique geometries (e.g. mesh, gear, ring and cylinder) are successfully fabricated. The EFF technique demonstrated in this work can be readily extended to other functional ferrite or titanate ceramic materials simply by changing the metal oxide powder precursors.