Jaemin Lee, Chanwoo Song, Inhwan Noh, Sangbyeong Song and Yun-Seok Rhee *
In this work, modified-release solid dosage forms were fabricated by adjusting geometrical properties of solid dosage forms through hot-melt 3D extrusion (3D HME). Using a 3D printer with air pressure driving HME system, solid dosage forms containing ibuprofen (IBF), polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were printed by simultaneous HME and 3D deposition. Printed solid dosage forms were evaluated for their physicochemical properties, dissolution rates, and floatable behavior. Results revealed that IBF content in the solid dosage form could be individualized by adjusting the volume of solid dosage form. IBF was dispersed as amorphous state with enhanced solubility and dissolution rate in a polymer solid dosage form matrix. Due to absence of a disintegrant, sustained release of IBF from printed solid dosage forms was observed in phosphate buffer at pH 6.8. The dissolution rate of IBF was dependent on geometric properties of the solid dosage form. The dissolution rate of IBF could be modified by merging two different geometries into one solid dosage form. In this study, the 3D HME process showed high reproducibility and accuracy for preparing dosage forms. API dosage and release profile were found to be customizable by modifying or combining 3D modeling.