June 9, 2020 by admin 0 Comments

3D Printed Bioresponsive Devices with Selective Permeability Inspired by Eggshell Membrane for Effective Biochemical Conversion

Authors
Yale Jeon, Min Soo Jeon, Jongoh Shin, Sangrak Jin, Jonghun Yi, Seulgi Kang, Sun Chang Kim, Byung-Kwan Cho, Jung-Kul Lee, and Dong Rip Kim*
Abstract
Eggshell membrane has selective permeability that enables gas or liquid molecules to pass through while effectively preventing migration of microbial species. Herein, inspired by the architecture of the eggshell membrane, we employ three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques to realize bioresponsive devices with excellent selective permeability for effective biochemical conversion. The fabricated devices show 3D conductive carbon nanofiber membranes in which precultured microbial cells are controllably deployed. The resulting outcome provides excellent selective permeability between chemical and biological species, which enables acquisition of target responses generated by biological species confined within the device upon input signals. In addition, electrically conductive carbon nanofiber networks provide a platform for real-time monitoring of metabolism of microbial cells in the device. The suggested platform represents an effort to broaden microbial applications by constructing biologically programmed devices for desired responses enabled by designated deployment of engineered cells in a securely confined manner within enclosed membranes using 3D printing methods.

March 7, 2019 by admin 0 Comments

Surface Engineered Biomimetic Inks Based on UV Cross-Linkable Wood Biopolymers for 3D Printing

Authors
Wenyang Xu, Xue Zhang, Peiru Yang, Otto Långvik, Xiaoju Wang*, Yongchao Zhang, Fang Cheng, Monika Österberg, Stefan Willför and Chunlin Xu*
Abstract
Owing to their superior mechanical strength and structure similarity to the extracellular matrix, nanocelluloses as a class of emerging biomaterials have attracted great attention in three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting to fabricate various tissue mimics. Yet, when printing complex geometries, the desired ink performance in terms of shape fidelity and object resolution demands a wide catalogue of tunability on the material property. This paper describes surface engineered biomimetic inks based on cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and cross-linkable hemicellulose derivatives for UV-aided extrusion printing, being inspired by the biomimetic aspect of intrinsic affinity of heteropolysaccharides to cellulose in providing the ultrastrong but flexible plant cell wall structure. A facile aqueous-based approach was established for the synthesis of a series of UV cross-linkable galactoglucomannan methacrylates (GGMMAs) with tunable substitution degrees. The rapid gelation window of the formulated inks facilitates the utilization of these wood-based biopolymers as the feeding ink for extrusion-based 3D printing. Most importantly, a wide and tunable spectrum ranging from 2.5 to 22.5 kPa of different hydrogels with different mechanical properties could be achieved by varying the substitution degree in GGMMA and the compositional ratio between GGMMA and CNFs. Used as the seeding matrices in the cultures of human dermal fibroblasts and pancreatic tumor cells, the scaffolds printed with the CNF/GGMMA inks showed great cytocompatibility as well as supported the matrix adhesion and proliferative behaviors of the studied cell lines. As a new family of 3D printing feedstock materials, the CNF/GGMMA ink will broaden the map of bioinks, which potentially meets the requirements for a variety of in vitro cell–matrix and cell–cell interaction studies in the context of tissue engineering, cancer cell research, and high-throughput drug screening.